VLSI Physical Design Course Online & Offline

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Course Highlights

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    Unlimited Lab Support
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    Real-time Project
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    One-on-One Doubt Clearing
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    Certification Oriented Curriculum
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    Free Internship
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    Resume building

PD VLSI Course Overview

a. What is VLSI…?

Very-Large-Scale Integration (VLSI) refers to the process of creating integrated circuits (ICs) that contain a large number of transistors, diodes, resistors, and other electronic components on a single silicon chip. VLSI technology enables the integration of thousands to billions of these components onto a single chip, which has revolutionized the field of electronics and has led to the development of powerful and compact electronic devices.

b. What is Physical Design …?

Physical design is a crucial phase in the process of designing integrated circuits (ICs) in Very-Large-Scale Integration (VLSI) technology. It involves transforming the logical representation of a circuit (the design at the gate level) into a physical layout that can be fabricated on a silicon wafer. The goal of physical design is to optimize the layout for performance, power consumption, area efficiency, and manufacturability.

Here's an overview of the physical design process:

  • Floorplanning: Floorplanning involves partitioning the chip's area into different regions for various functional blocks, memory, and other components. The arrangement of these blocks can impact factors such as signal routing, power distribution, and heat dissipation.
  • Placement: Placement involves determining the exact positions of the individual cells (gates) on the chip. The goal is to minimize the total wire length, which reduces signal delay, and to optimize for other metrics like area and power. Placement tools use various algorithms to achieve these objectives.
  • Global Routing: Global routing involves creating a high-level routing plan that defines the paths for connecting the various nets (connections between cells). It considers the connectivity between different regions and avoids congestion.
  • Detailed Routing: Detailed routing focuses on the individual metal layers and involves determining the exact paths and widths of the metal traces that connect the pins of different cells. It ensures that the connections are correctly made without violating design rules or causing signal integrity issues.
  • Clock Tree Synthesis: Clock tree synthesis is the process of designing and implementing a well-balanced clock distribution network to ensure synchronized and reliable clock signals throughout the chip. It aims to minimize clock skew and power consumption.
  • Power Distribution Network: The power distribution network involves designing the power grid to deliver a stable and uniform power supply to all parts of the chip. This helps prevent voltage drops and ensures that all components receive sufficient power.
  • Design Rule Checking (DRC) and Layout Versus Schematic (LVS) Verification: DRC ensures that the physical layout adheres to the manufacturing rules and constraints specified by the semiconductor foundry. LVS verifies that the physical layout matches the intended logical design.
  • Extraction and Timing Analysis: Extraction involves generating an accurate model of the chip's parasitic elements (such as resistance and capacitance) to perform timing analysis. Timing analysis ensures that the design meets performance requirements and identifies potential timing violations.
  • Physical Verification: This step involves comprehensive checks to ensure that the layout is manufacturable and free from errors. It includes checks for design rule violations, spacing violations, antenna effects, and more.
  • Tapeout: After completing all design and verification steps, the final design data is prepared for manufacturing. This data is sent to the semiconductor fabrication facility (foundry) for chip production.

Physical design is a complex and iterative process that requires a deep understanding of semiconductor manufacturing processes, design rules, and optimization techniques. It plays a critical role in determining the performance, power efficiency, and manufacturability of VLSI chips.

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Course Curriculum

The course curriculum is designed to get hands-on experience learning about the platform using use-case driven and practical approach.

  • VLSI Design Flow
  • Importance of PD & STA

  • Introduction to Digital Electronics
  • Number System and Codes
  • Combinational Circuits
  • Sequential Circuits
  • FSM

  • Introduction to STA & DTA
  • Timing Paths and Constraints
  • Clock Terminologies & Its types
  • Techniques to improve timing

  • Introduction to PD
  • Design Setup
  • Floor Planning
  • Power Planning
  • Placement
  • CTS
  • Routing

  • Prime Time Shell

Tech Stack


Hands-on Training Course

a. Hands-on experience in Physical Design (PD) involves actively engaging in the process of transforming a digital design into a physical layout suitable for fabrication.

b. Physical design is a complex and iterative process that requires a blend of technical knowledge, creativity, and problem-solving skills. Hands-on experience is crucial to mastering the intricacies of physical design and preparing for a successful career in VLSI and semiconductor industry.

Hands-on Training Course

Our Training course aims to deliver quality training that covers solid fundamental knowledge on core concepts with a practical approach. Such exposure to the current industry use-cases and scenarPython will help learners scale up their skills and perform real-time projects with the best practices.


We follow assessment and project based approach to make your learning maximized. For each of the module there will be multiple Assessment/Problem Statements.
You will have quiz for each of the modules covered in the previous class/week. These tests are usually for 15-20 minute duration.
At the end of each course there will be a mock test, which help you in improving your fundamental concepts.
Each candidate will be given a exercise for evaluation and candidate has to solve.
You will be assigned computational and industry oriented assignments to be completed
Coding Marathon will be conducted during the middle of the course. This is conducted to test application of concepts to the given problem of statement with tools and techniques that have been covered and to solve a problem quickly, accurately.

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  • Soft skills training is the need of the hour to get an edge over the others to grab that job. In a gist you will learn team spirit, interpersonal skills, communication, leadership and many more.

Placement Support

  • We bring qualified opportunities from Top organizations for you to get placement in your dream Companies. Our Placement Team will be sending you job opportunities and arranging interviews until you get placed.

Post Placement Support

  • “Your career needs to grow with you”. We help you with finding jobs in the market, salary negotiations, clarifying doubts while you are in job training and other course-based support required after you get a job.

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Our Instructor

Learn from the certified and real time working professionals.

Name A Harinadh
Experience 2+
More Details Working in a reputed organization with having 2+ years of experience in the VLSI industry. Strong passion towards latest technologies with unwavering interest towards VLSI technology & development.

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